Luxury Vinyl Tile (LVT): Karndean Explained

Welcome to the comprehensive guide on Luxury Vinyl Tile (LVT), specifically focusing on the renowned brand, Karndean. This article aims to provide an in-depth understanding of the product, its unique features, benefits, and the reasons behind its popularity in the flooring industry.

Whether you’re a homeowner looking for a reliable flooring solution, a professional interior designer, or a curious individual, this glossary entry will serve as a valuable resource. It will delve into the world of Karndean LVT, exploring its history, manufacturing process, installation techniques, maintenance tips, and much more.

Understanding Luxury Vinyl Tile (LVT)

Luxury Vinyl Tile, commonly referred to as LVT, is a modern flooring solution that combines the aesthetic appeal of traditional materials like wood and stone with the practical benefits of vinyl. It is known for its durability, versatility, and ease of maintenance, making it a popular choice for both residential and commercial settings.

LVT is made up of multiple layers, each contributing to the overall performance and aesthetic of the flooring. The layers typically include a backing layer for stability, a printed design layer, a clear wear layer for protection, and a top coating for added durability. The design layer is what gives LVT its realistic appearance, replicating the look of various natural materials.

The Evolution of LVT

The concept of vinyl flooring originated in the mid-20th century, but it was not until the late 1970s that LVT began to emerge as a distinct product category. Over the years, advancements in manufacturing technology have led to significant improvements in the quality, design, and performance of LVT, making it a competitive alternative to traditional flooring materials.

Today, LVT is available in a wide range of designs, colours, and textures, offering endless possibilities for customisation. Its ability to mimic the look of natural materials, combined with its practical benefits, has contributed to its growing popularity in the flooring industry.

Introduction to Karndean

Founded in 1973, Karndean is a global leader in the design and manufacture of luxury vinyl flooring. The company is known for its commitment to quality, innovation, and customer satisfaction. Karndean’s LVT products are designed to be functional, beautiful, and easy to care for, making them a preferred choice for homeowners and professionals alike.

One of the distinguishing features of Karndean is its focus on replicating the beauty of natural materials. The company’s design team travels the world in search of unique patterns and textures to incorporate into their products. This commitment to design excellence is reflected in the realistic appearance and tactile feel of Karndean LVT.

The Karndean Difference

What sets Karndean apart from other LVT manufacturers is its attention to detail and commitment to quality. Each Karndean product is carefully crafted to replicate the intricate details of the natural material it is designed to mimic. From the grain patterns in wood to the veining in stone, every aspect is meticulously recreated to provide an authentic look and feel.

Furthermore, Karndean LVT is designed with practicality in mind. The products are water-resistant, easy to clean, and durable, making them suitable for various applications. They also come with a lifetime guarantee, providing customers with peace of mind and assurance of their investment.

Manufacturing Process of Karndean LVT

The manufacturing process of Karndean LVT involves several stages, each contributing to the final product’s quality and performance. The process begins with the selection of high-quality raw materials. These materials are then transformed into LVT through a series of processes including compounding, heating, pressing, cooling, and cutting.

The design layer of Karndean LVT is created using a process called rotogravure printing. This involves engraving an image onto a cylinder, which is then used to print the design onto the vinyl. This method allows for the production of highly detailed and realistic designs.

Quality Control in Karndean Manufacturing

Quality control is a critical aspect of the Karndean manufacturing process. The company has strict quality standards in place to ensure that every product meets its high-performance and aesthetic expectations. This involves rigorous testing of the raw materials, monitoring of the manufacturing process, and thorough inspection of the final product.

Additionally, Karndean is committed to sustainable manufacturing practices. The company strives to minimise its environmental impact by using renewable resources, recycling waste materials, and implementing energy-efficient processes.

Installation of Karndean LVT

Installing Karndean LVT is a straightforward process that can be completed by a professional installer or a competent DIY enthusiast. The process involves preparing the subfloor, laying the LVT, and applying a suitable adhesive. It’s important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions to ensure a successful installation and to maintain the product’s warranty.

One of the advantages of Karndean LVT is its versatility in installation methods. It can be installed using a full spread adhesive, a perimeter adhesive, or a loose lay method, depending on the specific product and the conditions of the installation site.

Preparation and Subfloor Requirements

Proper preparation of the subfloor is crucial for a successful installation of Karndean LVT. The subfloor should be clean, dry, and level. Any irregularities in the subfloor can affect the appearance and performance of the LVT, so it’s important to take the time to prepare the subfloor correctly.

It’s also important to consider the type of subfloor. Karndean LVT can be installed over a variety of subfloors including concrete, plywood, and existing vinyl, provided they meet the necessary conditions. Specific subfloor requirements may vary depending on the product and installation method, so it’s recommended to consult the manufacturer’s guidelines.

Maintenance and Care of Karndean LVT

One of the benefits of Karndean LVT is its ease of maintenance. Regular cleaning and occasional deep cleaning are usually sufficient to keep the flooring looking its best. It’s recommended to use a soft broom or vacuum for daily cleaning, and a damp mop with a suitable cleaning solution for deeper cleaning.

While Karndean LVT is designed to be durable and resistant to wear, it’s still important to take steps to protect the flooring from potential damage. This includes using protective pads under furniture, avoiding dragging heavy objects across the floor, and promptly cleaning up spills to prevent staining.

Repair and Replacement

In the event that a Karndean LVT plank or tile becomes damaged, it can be replaced without having to replace the entire floor. This is one of the advantages of LVT over other types of flooring. The process involves removing the damaged piece, preparing the area, and installing a new piece.

It’s recommended to keep a few spare planks or tiles on hand for this purpose. It’s also important to note that the replacement piece may not be an exact match due to variations in production batches and natural wear and tear on the existing floor.


With its combination of aesthetic appeal, practical benefits, and commitment to quality, it’s no wonder that Karndean LVT has become a popular choice in the flooring industry. Whether you’re looking for a flooring solution for your home, office, or commercial space, Karndean LVT offers a versatile and reliable option.

We hope this comprehensive guide has provided you with a deeper understanding of Luxury Vinyl Tile and the unique features and benefits of Karndean. As always, it’s recommended to consult with a flooring professional to determine the best flooring solution for your specific needs and circumstances.