Wood Flour: Marmoleum Explained

In the world of flooring, Marmoleum stands as a unique and sustainable choice. One of the key ingredients that make this flooring material so special is wood flour. In this glossary entry, we’ll delve into the fascinating world of wood flour and its role in Marmoleum.

Wood flour, as the name suggests, is a finely ground wood powder that is used in various industries, including the production of Marmoleum. It’s an essential component that contributes to the durability, resilience, and sustainability of Marmoleum flooring.

What is Wood Flour?

Wood flour is a by-product of the timber industry. It’s created by grinding wood into a fine powder, similar in consistency to wheat flour. The type of wood used can vary, but typically, softwoods such as pine or fir are used due to their abundance and ease of processing.

Wood flour is not just a waste product, though. It’s a valuable resource that’s used in a variety of applications, from the manufacturing of composite materials to serving as a filler in plastics and adhesives. In the context of Marmoleum, wood flour plays a crucial role in giving the flooring its unique properties.

Production of Wood Flour

The production of wood flour begins with the collection of wood waste from sawmills and other wood-processing facilities. This waste can include sawdust, wood chips, and offcuts. The collected wood waste is then dried to remove any moisture, which could affect the quality of the wood flour.

Once the wood waste is dry, it’s fed into a mill where it’s ground into a fine powder. The resulting wood flour is then screened to ensure a consistent particle size. Any oversized particles are returned to the mill for further grinding, while the finished wood flour is packaged and ready for use.

Types of Wood Used

The type of wood used in the production of wood flour can have a significant impact on the properties of the final product. Softwoods, such as pine and fir, are commonly used due to their abundance and ease of processing. However, hardwoods like oak and maple can also be used, depending on the desired properties of the wood flour.

For Marmoleum, the type of wood used in the wood flour is important as it can affect the durability, resilience, and colour of the flooring. The specific type of wood used is often a closely guarded secret by Marmoleum manufacturers, adding to the unique character of each Marmoleum floor.

The Role of Wood Flour in Marmoleum

Wood flour plays a crucial role in the production of Marmoleum. It’s one of the main ingredients, along with linseed oil, rosin, and limestone. The wood flour in Marmoleum contributes to its durability, resilience, and sustainability.

When mixed with the other ingredients, the wood flour acts as a binder, helping to hold the Marmoleum together. It also provides a level of flexibility to the flooring, allowing it to withstand the pressures of foot traffic without cracking or breaking.

Contribution to Durability

One of the key benefits of Marmoleum is its durability, and wood flour plays a significant role in this. The fine particles of wood flour fill in the gaps between the other ingredients, creating a dense, hard-wearing surface that can withstand heavy foot traffic and resist wear and tear.

Furthermore, wood flour is naturally resistant to insects and fungi, which can cause damage to other types of flooring. This natural resistance, combined with the durability provided by the other ingredients, makes Marmoleum a long-lasting flooring option.

Contribution to Resilience

Resilience is another key feature of Marmoleum, and again, wood flour plays a crucial role. The flexibility provided by the wood flour allows the Marmoleum to bounce back from impacts, reducing the risk of dents and scratches.

This resilience also makes Marmoleum comfortable to walk on, as the flooring has a slight ‘give’ to it. This can make a significant difference in settings where people are on their feet for extended periods, such as in kitchens or retail environments.

Wood Flour and Sustainability

Wood flour is a by-product of the timber industry, making it a sustainable resource. Using wood flour in Marmoleum contributes to the flooring’s overall sustainability, as it reduces the need for synthetic materials and makes use of a waste product that would otherwise be discarded.

Section Image

Furthermore, wood flour is biodegradable, meaning that Marmoleum flooring can be composted at the end of its life, reducing its impact on landfill sites. This makes Marmoleum a great choice for those looking to reduce their environmental impact.

Reducing Waste

The use of wood flour in Marmoleum helps to reduce waste in the timber industry. Instead of being discarded, wood waste is transformed into a valuable resource that can be used in the production of durable, resilient flooring.

This not only reduces the amount of waste going to landfill but also reduces the demand for new resources. This is a key aspect of sustainable manufacturing and contributes to the overall sustainability of Marmoleum.


As a natural material, wood flour is biodegradable. This means that when a Marmoleum floor reaches the end of its life, it can be composted rather than sent to landfill. This biodegradability is a key aspect of Marmoleum’s sustainability credentials.

However, it’s important to note that not all Marmoleum floors can be composted. Some may contain synthetic materials or finishes that are not biodegradable. Therefore, it’s always best to check with the manufacturer or a waste management professional before disposing of a Marmoleum floor.


Wood flour is a crucial component of Marmoleum, contributing to its durability, resilience, and sustainability. It’s a fine example of how a by-product of one industry can become a valuable resource in another, helping to reduce waste and promote sustainable manufacturing.

So, next time you walk on a Marmoleum floor, spare a thought for the humble wood flour. It may not seem like much, but it’s a key ingredient that makes Marmoleum the unique, sustainable flooring choice that it is.

Ready to experience the sustainable elegance of Marmoleum in your own space? Get a quote from Russdales Flooring, North London’s award-winning experts with over 30 years of experience. Whether you’re looking for design inspiration or expert installation, our showroom is the perfect place to start. Visit us in person or explore our range of flooring solutions online, including carpets, wood, Amtico, Karndean, Marmoleum, and stair rods. Let Russdales Flooring help you make a statement that’s as eco-friendly as it is beautiful.